In early Maythe Oregon bound emigrant companies starting from the the St. Joseph, Mo area totaled, according to the St. Joseph paper, wagons, persons, with firearms, 9, cattle, and horses and mules. John Clark was hired as pilot for the journey to the junction with the Independence-to-Oregon trail.
I Now Pronounce You: Lucy Stone Faculty opposition to Foster ignited impassioned discussion of women's rights among the students, especially of woman's right to speak in public, which Stone vigorously defended in a joint meeting of the men's and women's literary societies.
She followed that campus demonstration by making her first public speech at Oberlin's August 1 commemoration of Emancipation in the West Indies. Her brothers were at once supportive, her father encouraged her to do what she considered her duty, but her mother and only remaining sister begged her to reconsider.
To her mother's fears that she would be reviled, Stone said she knew she would be disesteemed and even hated, but she must "pursue that course of conduct which, to me, appears best calculated to promote the highest good of the world.
Although women students could debate each other in their literary society, it was considered inappropriate for them to participate in oral exercises with men; women members of the collegiate rhetoric class were expected to learn by observing their male classmates.
So Stone and first-year student Antoinette Brownwho also wanted to develop skill in public speaking, organized an off-campus women's debating club.
After gaining a measure of competence, they sought and received permission to debate each other before Stone's rhetoric class. The debate attracted a large student audience as well as attention from the Faculty Board, which thereupon formally banned women's oral exercises in Carry amelia moore nation a temperance advocate classes.
When the Faculty Board refused and Stone was elected to write an essay, she declined, saying she could not support a principle that denied women "the privilege of being co-laborers with men in any sphere to which their ability makes them adequate.
Antislavery apprenticeship[ edit ] Lucy Stone as a young woman Stone gave her first public speeches on women's rights in the fall offirst at her brother Bowman's church in Gardner, Massachusettsand a little later in neighboring Warren.
She was described as "a little meek-looking Quakerish body, with the sweetest, modest manners and yet as unshrinking and self-possessed as a loaded canon. In the fall ofshe received an invitation from Phoebe Hathaway of Farmington, New York, to lecture for the women who had organized the Seneca Falls women's rights convention and the Rochester women's rights convention earlier that summer.
These rights convention provided continuity for the woman's rights movement, even though no official organization was actually formed prior to the Civil War. Most of the well-known leaders at the time attended these conventions, except for those who were ill or sick.
Anthony, and Lucy Stone, met, and worked together harmoniously as they wrote, discussed, and circulated petitions for the woman's rights movement. Wendell Phillips drafted the first petitions and accompanying appeals for circulation, and William Lloyd Garrison published them in the Liberator for readers to copy and circulate.
When Stone sent petitions to the legislature in Februaryover half were from towns where she had lectured. The women's convention sent a communication to the constitutional convention requesting that the new constitution secure the same political and legal rights for women that were guaranteed to men.
During the annual convention of the American Anti-Slavery Society in Boston inwith the support of Garrison and other abolitionists, Stone and Paulina Wright Davis posted a notice for a meeting to consider the possibility of organizing a women's rights convention on a national basis.
Davis presided while Stone presented the proposal to the large and responsive audience and served as secretary. Seven women were appointed to organize the convention, with Davis and Stone assigned to conduct the correspondence needed to solicit signatures to the call and recruit speakers and attendance.
The protracted nature of Stone's illness left Davis as the principal organizer of the first National Women's Rights Conventionwhich met on October 23—24,in Brinley Hall in Worcester, Massachusetts with an attendance of about a thousand.
Stone was appointed to the Central Committee of nine women and nine men. As secretary, Stone took a leading part in organizing and setting the agenda for the national conventions throughout the decade.
At right, jeering men spray her with a hose, and another man displays a book titled "St.
She was so moved by the sculpture that when she addressed the meeting that evening, she poured out her heart about the statue being emblematic of all enchained womanhood. Stone said the society's general agent, Samuel May, Jr. I must speak for women. When May continued to press antislavery work upon her, she agreed to lecture for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society on Sundays.
Arranging women's rights lectures around these engagements, she used pay for her antislavery work to defray expenses of her independent lecturing until she felt confident enough to charge admission.
When Stone resumed lecturing in the fall ofshe wore a new style of dress that she had adopted during her winter convalescence, consisting of a loose, short jacket and a pair of baggy trousers under a skirt that fell a few inches below the knees.
Ever since the fall ofwhen the  Water-Cure Journal urged women to invent a style of dress that would allow them the free use of their legs, women across the country had been wearing some form of pants and short skirt, generally called the "Turkish costume" or the "American dress.
Soon, newspapers had dubbed it the "Bloomer dress", and the name stuck. Supporters gathered signatures to a "Declaration of Independence from the Despotism of Parisian Fashion" and organized dress-reform societies.Carry Amelia Moore Nation was a temperance advocate famous for being so vehemently against alcohol that she would use hatchets to smash any place that sold it.
Lucy Stone (August 13, – October 18, ) was a prominent U.S. orator, abolitionist, and suffragist, and a vocal advocate and organizer promoting rights for women. In , Stone became the first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree.
She spoke out for women's rights and against slavery at a time when women were discouraged and prevented from public speaking. The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-CH digitization project, Documenting the American South. The text has been encoded using the recommendations for Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines.
Carrie Amelia Moore Nation (first name also spelled Carry; November 25, – June 9, ) was an American woman who was a radical member of the temperance movement, which opposed alcohol before the advent of Prohibition.
Sheet3 Libarary CCaldwell EThePageant GG The Bender Family Lineage Burnham May Cooper Abel and Polly Manny Cooper; Fielding and Sarah Hunt:Their Ancestors.
compiled by Stephenie Flora Captains of St. Joseph Companies: In early May , the Oregon bound emigrant companies starting from the the St. Joseph, Mo area totaled, according to the St.
Joseph paper, wagons, persons, with firearms, 9, cattle, and horses and mules.