It is the path-dependent outcome of a multitude of historical processes, one of the most important of which has been European colonialism.
Sierra Leone became a colony inand Britain brought the Cape and Natal provinces under its control in the early nineteenth century. The West African coast was part of the elaborate network of transatlantic slave trade and hence was not immune from the commercial interests of various European nations.
In British officials signed treaties with Fante chiefs as equals. The British economic interests were subsequently enhanced and by the s they monopolized trade in the region. In the British colonized the coastal Fante states. However, it was not until Colonialism and inequality the British conquered Ashanti Asante.
This followed a series of wars between the British and the Ashanti in which the latter lost. This was a significant step in bringing the coast and hinterland regions under British colonial rule. In the context of Nigeria, the British declared Lagos its protectorate in The Royal Niger Company was granted a charter to help advance the political and economic interests of the British in the Niger Delta region.
It was not until that the northern part of Nigeria was brought under control, thereby bringing the entire country under formal British colonial rule. In Britain increased its influence in Egypt when it bought a substantial share in the Suez Canal.
Safeguarding the canal became a major preoccupation of the British government. When the Egyptian economy went into recession and defaulted on its debts, the British government increased its military involvement in Egypt, suppressed the Ahmed Urabi revolt, and occupied the country in Egypt thus came under British rule as a protectorate.
Once Britain occupied Egypt init made its way to the Egyptian colony of Sudan. The Anglo-Egyptian forces met stiff resistance from the Mahdi forces in Sudan, and it was not until the s that the country was formally brought under control.
In eastern Africa, the Imperial British East Africa Company was instrumental in establishing Kenya and Uganda as British spheres of influence before the two countries were formally brought under the direct control of the British government: In eastern Africa, some communities, including the Giriama, Kikuyu, and the Nandi in Kenya, fiercely contested the imposition of British imperial control, while in Uganda the British sent military expeditions against the Bunyoro.
In contrast, some communities supported the imposition of British rule because they wanted to maintain their preexisting political and economic situation by working closely with the British. The Baganda had an elaborate governance infrastructure, which the British wished to preserve with a view to using Baganda agents in establishing colonial rule.
The Masai in Kenya sought assistance from the British because of emergent humanitarian needs brought about by drought and famine. The British colonization of the Cape Colony between and was significant in the context of its imperial interests in India.Annual Meeting Site Selection and Review Procedures.
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Tom died about , but of him came many sons, and one, Jack, who helped in the War of Of Jack and his wife, Violet, was born a mighty family, splendidly named: Harlow and Ira, Cloë, Lucinda, Maria, and Othello!
Colonialism is the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced.
Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may also impose socio-cultural, religious and linguistic. The stories of more than a million men who fought in the first world war for Britain – and against racism in their own ranks – have gone untold.
Colonialism and the postcolonial or neocolonial system have co-opted and continued these forms of cultural and structural violence and inequality. Notwithstanding the shift to black majority rule, there remains a systemic structure of violence and deep inequality.
The Caribbean is facing its second deadly hurricane in as many weeks.
The region's extreme vulnerability to disaster also reflects entrenched inequality.