There should be no discrimination between men and woman. Women should now there fundamental and social rights which they get once they born. There should be respect and dignity towards Women. Have total independences of their own life and lifestyle inside the home and also outside at their work.
Empowerment as a methodology is also associated with feminism. Process[ edit ] Empowerment is the process of obtaining basic opportunities for marginalized people, either directly by those people, or through the help of non-marginalized others who share their own access to these opportunities.
It also includes actively thwarting attempts to deny those opportunities. Empowerment also includes encouraging, and developing the skills for, self-sufficiencywith a focus on eliminating the future need for charity or welfare in the individuals of the group.
This process can be difficult to start and to implement effectively. Strategy[ edit ] One empowerment strategy is to assist marginalized people to create their own nonprofit organizationusing the rationale that only the marginalized people, themselves, can know what their own people need most, and that control of the organization by outsiders can actually help to further entrench marginalization.
Charitable organizations lead from outside of the community, for example, can disempower the community by entrenching a dependence charity or welfare. A nonprofit organization can target strategies that cause structural changes, reducing the need for ongoing dependence.
Red Crossfor example, can focus on improving the health of indigenous people, but does not have authority in its charter to install water-delivery and purification systems, even though the lack of such a system profoundly, directly and negatively impacts health.
A nonprofit composed of the indigenous people, however, could ensure their own organization does have such authority and could set their own agendas, make their own plans, seek the needed resources, do as much of the work as they can, and take responsibility — and credit — for the success of their projects or the consequences, should they fail.
In other words, "Empowerment is not giving people power, people already have plenty of power, in the wealth of their knowledge and motivation, to do their jobs magnificently.
We define empowerment as letting this power out. To empower a female " Criticism[ edit ] Before there can be the finding that a particular group requires empowerment and that therefore their self-esteem needs to be consolidated on the basis of awareness of their strengths, there needs to be a deficit diagnosis usually carried out by experts assessing the problems of this group.
The fundamental asymmetry of the relationship between experts and clients is usually not questioned by empowerment processes. It is particularly questionable whether mentally ill people in acute crisis situations are in a position to make their own decisions.
According to Albert Lenz, people behave primarily regressive in acute crisis situations and tend to leave the responsibility to professionals. In social work and community psychology[ edit ] Empowerment in the work for senior citizens in a residential home in Germany In social workempowerment offers an approach that allows social workers to increase the capacity for self-help of their clients.
They lose their self-confidence because they cannot be fully self-supporting. The opportunities denied them also deprive them of the pride of accomplishment which others, who have those opportunities, can develop for themselves.
This in turn can lead to psychological, social and even mental health problems. In economics[ edit ] According to Robert Adams, there is a long tradition in the UK and the USA respectively to advance forms of self-help that have developed and contributed to more recent concepts of empowerment.
For example, the free enterprise economic theories of Milton Friedman embraced self-help as a respectable contributor to the economy.
Economic empowerment is also the empowering of previously disadvantaged sections of the population, for example, in many previously colonized African countries.
Legal empowerment approaches are interested in understanding how they can use the law to advance interests and priorities of the marginalised.
Legal empowerment is about grass root justice, about ensuring that law is not confined to books or courtrooms, but rather is available and meaningful to ordinary people. The state legal system is constrained by a range of different factors — from lack of resources to cultural issues.
Among these factors economic, geographic, linguistic and other constraints on access to courts, lack of legal awareness as well as legal assistance tend to be recurrent problems. Equal opportunity laws which actively oppose such marginalization, are supposed to allow empowerment to occur.
These laws made it illegal to restrict access to schools and public places based on race. Gender empowerment and Women empowerment Gender empowerment conventionally refers to the empowerment of womenwhich is a significant topic of discussion in regards to development and economics nowadays. It also points to approaches regarding other marginalized genders in a particular political or social context.
This approach to empowerment is partly informed by feminism and employed legal empowerment by building on international human rights. Empowerment is one of the main procedural concerns when addressing human rights and development.
Potterfield,  many organizational theorists and practitioners regard employee empowerment as one of the most important and popular management concepts of our time.
Ciulla discusses an inverse case: One account of the history of workplace empowerment in the United States recalls the clash of management styles in railroad construction in the American West in the midth century, where "traditional" hierarchical East-Coast models of control encountered individualistic pioneer workers, strongly supplemented by methods of efficiency -oriented "worker responsibility " brought to the scene by Chinese laborers.
In this case, empowerment at the level of work teams or brigades achieved a notable but short-lived demonstrated superiority. See the views of Robert L. During the s and s, empowerment has become a point of interest in management concepts and business administration. In this context, empowerment involves approaches that promise greater participation and integration to the employee in order to cope with their tasks as independently as possible and responsibly can.
A strength-based approach known as "empowerment circle" has become an instrument of organizational development.
Multidisciplinary empowerment teams aim for the development of quality circles to improve the organizational culture, strengthening the motivation and the skills of employees. The target of subjective job satisfaction of employees is pursued through flat hierarchies, participation in decisions, opening of creative effort, a positive, appreciative team culture, self-evaluation, taking responsibility for resultsmore self-determination and constant further learning.
The optimal use of existing potential and abilities can supposedly be better reached by satisfied and active workers.JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. In Sociology the word gender refers to the socio-cultural characterization of man and woman, the way societies make a distinction between men and women and assign them social roles.
The experiences of Muslim women (Arabic: مسلمات Muslimāt, singular مسلمة Muslima) vary widely between and within different societies. At the same time, their adherence to Islam is a shared factor that affects their lives to a varying degree and gives them a common identity that may serve to bridge the wide cultural, social, and economic differences between them.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century. In some countries, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they are ignored and suppressed.
Maternity Care in Rural Areas in New Zealand - This essay discusses the determinants of health in New Zealand with a focus on maternity care in rural areas, mainly the rural Tai Rawhiti area and how two objectives of the New Zealand Health Strategy can have a positive impact.
It also includes actively thwarting attempts to deny those opportunities. Empowerment also includes encouraging, and developing the skills for, To empower a female " sounds as though we are dismissing or ignoring males, but the truth is, both genders desperately need to be equally empowered." In the book Empowerment Takes More .