She was the youngest of eight children and was surrounded by an extended family—community environment. Personal Life After her graduation inWatson married her husband, Douglas, and moved west to his native state of Colorado. Inshe experienced an accidental injury that resulted in the loss of her left eye and soon after, inher husband, whom she considers as her physical and spiritual partner, and her best friend passed away and left Watson and their two grown daughters, Jennifer and Julie, and five grandchildren.
Jean Watson refers to the Jean watson community health nursing being as "a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self.
Human is viewed as greater than and different from the sum of his or her parts. The nursing model states that nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick, and restoring health.
It focuses on health promotion, as well as the treatment of diseases. Watson believed that holistic health care is central to the practice of caring in nursing. She defines nursing as "a human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic and ethical human transactions.
The assessment includes observation, identification, and review of the problem, as well as the formation of a hypothesis. Creating a care plan helps the nurse determine how variables would be examined or measured, and what data would be collected.
Intervention is the implementation of the care plan and data collection. Finally, the evaluation analyzes the data, interprets the results, and may lead to an additional hypothesis.
Caring can be effectively demonstrated and practiced only interpersonally. Caring consists of carative factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human needs. Effective caring promotes health and individual or family growth.
Caring responses accept the patient as he or she is now, as well as what he or she may become. A caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the patient to choose the best action for him or herself at a given point in time. A science of caring is complementary to the science of curing.
The practice of caring is central to nursing. The first three carative factors are the "philosophical foundation" for the science of caring, while the remaining seven derive from that foundation. The ten primary carative factors are: The formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, which begins at an early age with the values shared by parents.
The installation of faith-hope, which is essential to the carative and curative processes. When modern science has nothing else to offer a patient, a nurse can continue to use faith-hope to provide a sense of well-being through a belief system meaningful to the individual.
By striving to become more sensitive, the nurse is more authentic. This encourages self-growth and self-actualization in both the nurse and the patients who interact with the nurse.
The nurses promote health and higher-level functioning only when they form person-to-person relationships. The development of a helping-trust relationship, which includes congruence, empathy, and warmth.
The strongest tool a nurse has is his or her mode of communication, which establishes a rapport with the patient, as well as caring by the nurse. Communication includes verbal and nonverbal communication, as well as listening that connotes empathetic understanding.
The promotion and acceptance of the expression of both positive and negative feelings, which need to be considered and allowed for in a caring relationship because of how feelings alter thoughts and behavior. The awareness of the feelings helps the nurse and patient understand the behavior it causes.
The systematic use of the scientific method for problem-solving and decision-making, which allows for control and prediction, and permits self-correction. The science of caring should not always be neutral and objective.
The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning, since the nurse should focus on the learning process as much as the teaching process. The nurse must provide comfort, privacy, and safety as part of the carative factor.
In addition, all needs deserve to be valued and attended to by the nurse and patient. The allowance for existential-phenomenological forces, which helps the nurse to reconcile and mediate the incongruity of viewing the patient holistically while at the same time attending to the hierarchical ordering of needs.
This helps the nurse assist the patient to find strength and courage to confront life or death. Phenomology is a way of understanding the patient from his or her frame of reference. Existential psychology is the study of human existence.
Next are the lower-order psychophysical needs, which include the need for activity, inactivity, and sexuality. Finally, are the higher order needs, which are psychosocial.
These include the need for achievement, affiliation, and self-actualization.A.B. Noel Endowed Scholarship. Application Deadline: 3/31/ Amount: $2, The A.B.
Noel Endowed Scholarship is for Wood River seniors or graduates, or current Central Community College-Grand Island or Concordia University campus nursing students. Tracy Trumble, Customer Services Supervisor, Physicians Health Plan; J.J. Jackson, Volunteer; DeAnthony Jones, Environmental Services Technician; Donald L.
Porter, MD. Welcome to Rockland Community College! Are you looking for a quality education that prepares you for the real world, whether it’s transferring to a four-year college or launching your career? This classic book by renowned nurse theorist Jean Watson discusses the balance between science and caring that is the basis of the nursing profession.
Jean Watson (June 10, – present) is an American nurse theorist and nursing professor who is well known for her “Philosophy and Theory of Transpersonal Caring.” She has also written numerous texts, including Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring.
Biography and Career of Jean Watson. Jean Watson was born in a small town in the Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia in the s. Watson graduated from the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in , and then continued her nursing studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder.