The second is a worldwide movement to transform care homes from sterile institutions to life-affirming communities. Having worked extensively with both movements, I continue to straddle these parallel tracks and strive to wed the common themes of each, in order to advance the cause of both. I have learned that the two are deeply related, and that one cannot be truly successful in pursuing one of these tasks without also engaging in the other. It is one thing to adjust our attitudes about the people we support; but unless we also change our systems of support to reflect that new way of thinking, our best intentions will never come to fruition.
Strengths-based approaches for working with indivi Search Strengths-based approaches for working with individuals Insight 16 By Lisa Pattoni Published on 1 May This Insight provides an overview of the research evidence on effective strengths based approaches for working with individuals and presents selected illustrative examples, written by Lisa Pattoni.
Key points Strengths-based approaches value the capacity, skills, knowledge, connections and potential in individuals and communities.
Focusing on strengths does not mean ignoring challenges, or spinning struggles into strengths. Practitioners working in this way have to work in collaboration - helping people to do things for themselves.
In this way, people can become co-producers of support, not passive consumers of support. The evidence for strengths-based approaches is difficult to synthesise because of the different populations and problem areas that are examined in the literature.
The strengths approach to practice has broad applicability across a number of practice settings and a wide range of populations.
There is some evidence to suggest that strengths-based approaches can improve retention in treatment programmes for those who misuse substances.
There is also evidence that use of a strengths-based approach can improve social networks and enhance well-being. Why strengths-based practice, and why now? With the growing focus on self-directed support Scottish Government, aself-management of illness and long term conditions Scottish Government, aand working together to achieve better outcomes Christie,there is increasing interest in identifying and building on the strengths and capacities of those supported by services, as a means to help them resolve problems and deliver their own solutions.
Strengths-based approaches concentrate on the inherent strengths of individuals, families, groups and organisations, deploying personal strengths to aid recovery and empowerment. In essence, to focus on health and well-being is to embrace an asset-based approach where the goal is to promote the positive.
Many are of the view that use of strengths-based approaches will be instrumental in successfully shifting the balance of care, and develop services that are focused on prevention and independence Scottish Government, b. This will challenge social services' historical focus on clients' deficiencies to a focus on possibilities and solutions Saleebey, In effect, the strengths perspective is the social work equivalent of Antonovsky's salutogenesis which highlights the factors that create and support human health rather than those that cause disease Antonovsky, Both emphasise the origins of strength and resilience and argue against the dominance of a problem-focused perspective.
Often, in traditional practice, the patient or client's role is often no more than the repository of the disease or the holder of the diagnosis: Research by Hook and Andrews suggests that a person seeking support contributes as much to the chances of a successful outcome in an intervention as either the practitioner or their technique.
Therefore, personal factors may predict more of the outcome than therapeutic rapport and intervention combined. This furthers the argument for routinely considering the individual's contribution strengths to the effectiveness of therapies, rather than treating the person as a passive recipient.
What is strengths-based practice? Strengths-based practice is a collaborative process between the person supported by services and those supporting them, allowing them to work together to determine an outcome that draws on the person's strengths and assets.
As such, it concerns itself principally with the quality of the relationship that develops between those providing and being supported, as well as the elements that the person seeking support brings to the process Duncan and Hubble, Working in a collaborative way promotes the opportunity for individuals to be co-producers of services and support rather than solely consumers of those services Morgan and Ziglio, Some researchers have criticised strengths-based approaches citing that they are not in fact new or different from many other traditional approaches McMillen, Morris and Sherraden, and that they are not based on evidence of efficacy Staudt, Howard and Drake, Indeed, as interest has grown in this perspective, members of different disciplines in the sector are trying more positive approaches and using different words to describe it.
For example, in mental health there is a strong focus on recovery and positive psychology - an inherently strengths-based perspective Petersen and Seligman, In community development, the term 'asset-based' is used to describe communities as areas of potential rather than areas that are lacking Kretzmann and McKnight, Prevention practitioners use words such as 'resilience' to describe an individual's ability to function well and achieve goals despite overbearing stresses or challenges.
For practitioners, these differences in terminology can often lead to confusion and misunderstanding. Indeed, even if people understand the approach, it does not mean that they will necessarily feel happy or confident in applying it in practice.
Rapp, Saleebey and Sullivan offer six standards for judging what constitutes a strengths-based approach. Practitioners may like to use the following list to consider their own practice.
Strengths-based practice is goal oriented. The central and most crucial element of any approach is the extent to which people themselves set goals they would like to achieve in their lives. The primary focus is not on problems or deficits, and the individual is supported to recognise the inherent resources they have at their disposal which they can use to counteract any difficulty or condition.
Resources from the environment: Strengths proponents believe that in every environment there are individuals, associations, groups and institutions who have something to give, that others may find useful, and that it may be the practitioner's role to enable links to these resources.
Explicit methods are used for identifying client and environmental strengths for goal attainment: These methods will be different for each of the strengths-based approaches.A Strengths-Based Per spective.
Table of contents Introduction 01 Chapter A Strengths-Based Perspective other helping professions towards embracing a strength-based approach and its implications for the crucial role of care provision and educational .
Free Essay: Utilizing strengths based perspective with the social work field towards a more integrated approach where Using the Strengths-Based Model. Strengths-based Approach to Social Work Practice with Older Persons Ilango Ponnuswami, Ph.D*, Abraham alphabetnyc.coms, Ph.D** and alphabetnyc.comkumar*** Abstract Strengths-based approaches generally conceptualize strengths in two distinct ways.
Client Strengths: A Qualitative Study of Positive Processes Michael J. Scheel1, Chelsi Klentz Davis1, and Justin D. Henderson1 Gelso and Woodhouse’s Call for Strength-Based Methods Gelso and Woodhouse () hold that “the field of counseling psychology, approach, ego psychology, paying attention to adaptive capacities of humans.
The idea of promoting strength-based practice in community care It is important to understand the strengths-based approach is A strength-based paradigm. With the family strengths approach, nurses enhance their care by moving beyond culture and holism and plan their care based on an ().