The nature of this tense seems to be familiar for the learners of English at first sight, but there are many exceptions and special cases of their use. What the Present Perfect Tense is 1.
He has worked, etc. However, as seen above, the name is a misnomer in the sense that not all uses of present perfect constructions involve an idea of completion. In Old English the verb to have, used as the predicate in the sentence, was sometimes followed by direct object with participle II of a transitive verb attached to it on the function of a predicative adjective.
The participle agreed in number, gender, case with the direct object. As the state of the object written was the result of the accomplished action, the mind of the speaker began to be interested in he action.
The construction did not show whether the action expressed by participle II was performed by the subject of the sentence or by some other agent.
It was from constructions where the subject of the sentence was the doer of the action denoted by the past participle, that the modern English perfect form developed. The participle lost its form of agreement with the noun-object and changing its place He has writtenbecame closely connected with the verb to have.
Both elements lost their independent meaning and merged into one sense unit —the analytical form of the Modern English Perfect.
He has written that book — the action of writing is accomplished by him at present and as a result of it the book is in a written state. Thus, what was originally a free syntactical combination has now turned into an analytical tense form. Such constructions, in which the doer of the action expressed by the participle was not the subject of the sentence, have still survived in Modern English as free syntactical combinations: He had three horses killed under him.
I have my dress made here. Killed and made are still predictive adjectives to the direct object horses and dress. In construction with the verb to be, participle II of an intransitive verb was used as the predicative to the subject with which agreed in number, gender and case, and the verb to be had the function of a link-verb in a compound-nominal predicate: When to have and to be —forms turned into perfect, the verb to have began gradually to be used as an auxiliary verb with both transitive and intransitive verbs: I have seen her.
As a survival of the old constriction, to be is still used when the state is stressed: May Fielding was already come; and so was her mother. Dickens When he was gone, my mother asked me all about the day I had had… Dickens He is gone to the Leas… Bronte The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect, used to express a past event that has present consequences.
The present perfect is a compound tense in English, as in many other languages, meaning that it is formed by combining an auxiliary verb with the main verb.
In modern English, the auxiliary verb for forming the present perfect is always to have. However, the equivalent of to be e.And really understanding the rules of English grammar is an important step to really learning English.
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Summary Explaning English Grammar – Tense and Aspect J. A SUMMARY TENSE AND ASPECT Overview Some basic meaning distinctions between different tense forms are offered in terms of the REMOTE (or not) and FACTUAL (or not) status of perceived situations including notes on the future, time expressions, and the HISTORICAL PRESENT.
12 verb tenses chart their usages with examples English tenses grammar lesson 12 verb tenses chart with examples grammar lesson. This grammar lesson you will learn the 12 Verb Tenses that are in the English language. Tenses are all used to indicate action that has taken place in the past, present, and future.
Summary Explaning English Grammar - Tense and Aspect J. A SUMMARY TENSE AND ASPECT Overview Some basic meaning distinctions between different tense forms are offered in terms of the REMOTE (or not) and FACTUAL (or not) status of perceived situations including notes on the future, time expressions, and the HISTORICAL PRESENT.
English Grammar – Tenses – Overview of all the tenses in English A quick overview of ALL the main verb tenses in English. I explain which are the most important to master for effective communication at various language levels.
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18 rows · Table of English tenses. English Grammar Online the fun way to learn English! .